Krishna District with its District Head Quarters at Machilipatnam is the coastal district in Andhra Pradesh. It extends over an area of 8,727 Sq. Kms with a coast line of 88 Kms. The total population of the District is 41.88 lakhs (as per census 2001 data) of which 68% of rural. The normal rainfall of the district is 1028mm.
Krishna District is located on the of India between 15 Degrees-43', N latitude and 17 Degrees-10' between 80 degree East to 81 degree East latitude. It is bordered by Khammam District in the North, the Bay of Bengal and the West Godavari District in the East, Nalgonda & Guntur Districts in the West and the Bay of Bengal in the South. The geographical area of the district is 8727 Sq. Kms. It accounts for 3.17% of the total geographical area of the state.
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS: Administrative Contacts
The District is divided into 50 Mandals, 4 Revenue Divisions, 1003 Villages, 6 Municipalities, 17 Towns and one Municipal Corporation (Vijayawada).
|(1) BANDAR||12 RURAL MANDALS + 2 MUNICIPALITIES|
|(2) GUDIVADA||9 RURAL MANDALS + 1 MUNICIPALITY|
|(3) VIJAYAWADA||14 RURAL MANDALS + 1 MUNICIPALITY + 1 MUNICIPAL CORPORATION|
|(4) NUZVID||14 RURAL MANDALS + 1 MUNICIPALITY|
Three types of soils are prevailing in this district. (1) Black coton soils which constitute 57.6%, (2) Sandy clay loamy with 22.3% and (3) Red loamy soils with 19.4% of the villages, with small belt of are anacious sandy soils constituting 0.7% of fringes of the sea coast.
Trophical climatic conditions prevail in the District with extreme hot summers and cold winters. The monsoon breaks usually in the middle of June and brings good rainfall upto middle of October. The South west Monsoon provides nearly 2/3 of the total annual rainfall.
The only major river in the District is Krishna. Other rivers include Munneru, Tammileru & Budameru. Besides, there are some hill-streams, like Jayanthi, Kattaleru, Ipplavagu, Upputeru, Telleru, Ballaleru, Nidamiveru etc. This District shares with the West Godavari one of the largest fresh water lakes on the East Coast namely Kolleru.
Major portion of the cultivable lands are being irrigated by the Prakasam Barrage and remaining area is irrigaged by minor irrigation sources like tanks, wells and Nagarjuna Sagar canals in upland.